Our office litigates both Criminal and Civil legal actions. Civil Practice, as a general matter, refers to all areas of legal practice that are NOT "Criminal Law" related or "Administrative Law" related. Administrative Law can be thought of as being handled in the Executive Branch (Administrative Branch where government "agencies" operate), whereas Civil and Criminal law are handled in the Judicial Branch of government (Three Branches of Government = Executive, Legislative and Judicial).
Criminal Law Practice is a significant practice area for our office. Bruce has extensive trial practice experience in Criminal Law, including appellate practice experience. Below is a listing of the types of Criminal Law issues our office handles. In general, our offices handles the full gamut of New York Statutory Criminal Law issues.
DWI - DUI: Driving While Intoxicated -- Driving Under the Influence (of Alcohol or Drugs): 80-90 percent of our DWI--DUI clients have never been dragged into the Criminal Justice System before. Invariably they are scared and confused about what is happening, about what CAN happen to them and about what processes they will have to go through to resolve their case. Clients' primary initial concern is in preserving their driving privilege DURING and AFTER the litigation (prosecution) of their case. This primary concern is virtually always related to the profound fear that they will lose their jobs and their ability to provide for their family's needs if they lose their driving privilege at any juncture of the criminal process. For precisely this reason, a person who has been arrested for DUI--DWI would be well-advised to get an attorney as soon as they possibly can after that arrest. And for this same reason, our office prioritizes this legal issue at the very beginning of the client's case, by taking swift action to preserve and protect that driving privilege to the maximum extent possible under the circumstances. Persons who have a Commercial Driver's License (CDL) are even more at risk, because the new New York DWI Laws are extremely severe for persons who have a Commercial Driver's License, even if they were NOT driving a commercial vehicle at the time of the alleged DWI. Therefore, it is worth repeating, any person who has been arrested for DUI--DWI would be well-advised to hire an attorney as soon as they possibly can after that DWI--DUI arrest.
Bruce previously was the Senior Litigation Attorney at the Anelli-Xavier Law Firm ("The DWI Guy") in Syracuse, New York, a law firm that handles primarily DWI cases. Prior to that, Bruce worked many years for the Public Defender's office where his caseloads averaged 250 active cases at any given time. Added to this experience is years of criminal practice experience Bruce has in his private practice. Bruce is a criminal "Trial" attorney, NOT a "Plead them all out" easy rider. Bruce encourages a rigorous litigation battle where a case has great merit and the stakes are high. He is not afraid to take good cases to trial and he has the experience and ingenuity to discern which cases are winnable good candidates for trial. At the same time, Bruce has the negotiating skills and legal acumen necessary to broker cases to exceptionally favorable results without needing to take every meritorious case to trial.
Drug Crimes: Possession and Sale are the common charges in this area. Possibly more than any other criminal practice area, the Fourth Amendment "Search & Seizure" protections often play an important role in legal defense strategies. Bruce has handled hundreds of criminal cases and Drug Cases made up the majority of his caseloads. Where the arrest is the result of a police 'sting' operation or a 'reverse sting' operation, the issue of entrapment may come into play. Bruce is well-versed in the art and science of discerning from case facts, which defendant rights may have been violated and how those violations affect or weaken the prosecutor's case. The key thing to remember is that different 'rights' violations often have very different 'remedies' or consequences for the prosecutor. Some violations result in the 'suppression' of evidence obtained as a result of the violation, but ONLY evidence that was obtained "as a direct result of" the violation. Other 'rights' violations result in dismissal of the entire case. Still other violations may have no adverse impact on the case at all . . . if the resulting evidence is not crucial to the prosecutor's case. For example, an illegally obtained defendant statement that he "lives out of state" has no adverse case consequences if the issue of defendant's "state of residence" is not relevant to the prosecution of the case. There is no viable substitute for a highly experienced attorney who knows the applicable laws and procedures thoroughly.
Prostitution & Sex Crimes: Prostitution cases can involve the prosecution of the alleged prostitute and\or prosecution of the alleged 'john' who allegedly utilized the services of the alleged prostitute. Where the arrest is the result of a police 'sting' operation or a 'reverse sting' operation, the issue of entrapment may come into play. Skillled attorneys have had considerable success in defending prostitution cases. An attorney's willingness and ability to thoroughly investigate the case facts and research the applicable law is indispensible to a competent defense of these cases, as well as any criminal case. Sex Crimes, more than any other kind of criminal case, strongly depend on the ability of the attorney to remain open-minded and objective, without allowing himself to become 'prejudiced' by the mere 'accusations' being charged. Not every attorney has this crucial ability.